New laws proposed for South Africa – including the ‘two pot’ retirement system
The National Treasury and the South African Revenue Service (SARS) have published a range of draft tax bills for public comment.
These include the 2022 draft Rates and Monetary Amounts and Amendment of Revenue Laws Bill (2022 draft Rates Bill), the 2022 draft Revenue Laws Amendment Bill, the 2022 draft Taxation Laws Amendment Bill (2022 draft TLAB) and the 2022 draft Tax Administration Laws Amendment Bill (2022 draft TALAB).
The 2022 draft Rates Bill was first published on Budget Day (25 February 2022) and gives effect to the tax proposals announced in Chapter 4 of the 2022 Budget dealing with changes to the rates and monetary thresholds to the personal income tax tables and increases of the excise duties on alcohol and tobacco.
It has been revised to include changes tabled by the minister in Parliament on 31 March 2022 and 31 May 2022 regarding temporary relief on the fuel levy as well as the postponement of the effective date of an inflationary increase in the health promotion levy of 4.5% to 2.31 cents per gram of sugary beverages with more than 4 grams of sugar per 100 ml from 1 April 2022 to 1 April 2023.
The 2022 draft Revenue Laws Amendment Bill contains proposed amendments dealing with the “two pot” retirement system. The proposed amendments give effect to the previous announcements made by the minister in the February 2021 Budget Speech and November 2021 Medium Term Budget Policy Statement, Treasury said in a statement on Friday (29 July).
Treasury’s proposal envisages a ‘two-pot’ system under which members would be allowed to access up to a third of their net retirement fund contributions and accrue investment returns on an annual basis to provide short-term financial relief.
This will be accompanied by the requirement that the remaining two-thirds are preserved over the long term, which will improve retirement outcomes for the majority of fund members relative to the status quo.
The proposal is to split contributions into two pots for all retirement funds:
- 1/3 accessible savings pot
- 2/3 retirement pot subject to full preservation until retirement
These amendments also follow a discussion document published by National Treasury for public comment on 15 December 2021, titled “Encouraging South African households to save more for retirement”.
The 2022 draft TLAB and 2022 draft TALAB contain the remainder of the tax announcements made in Chapter 4 and Annexure C of the 2022 Budget Review, which are legislatively more complicated and require greater consultation with the public. Key proposals included in the 2022 draft TLAB are the following;
- Progressive increase in the carbon tax rate for 2023 to 2030;
- Vaping: Taxation of electronic nicotine and non-nicotine delivery systems;
- Extension of the Research and Development tax incentive sunset date;
- Impact of IFRS17 insurance contracts on the taxation of insurers;
- Reviewing the debtor’s allowance provisions to limit the impact on lay by arrangements.
Key proposals included in the 2022 draft TALAB are the following:
- Advance rulings under the Customs and Excise Act;
- Imposition of understatement penalty for employment tax incentives improperly claimed;
- Addressing tax compliance status system abuse.
For legal reasons, the draft tax amendments continue to be split into two types of bills, namely a money bill (section 77 of the Constitution) dealing with money bill issues and an ordinary bill (section 75 of the Constitution) dealing with issues relating to tax administration, Treasury said.
After receipt of written comments, National Treasury and SARS normally engage with stakeholders through public workshops to discuss the written comments on the draft tax bills.
The Standing Committee on Finance (SCoF) and the Select Committee on Finance (SeCoF) in Parliament are expected to make a similar call for public comment and convene public hearings on the 2022 draft tax bills before their formal introduction in Parliament, Treasury said.
“Thereafter, a response document on the comments received will be presented at the parliamentary committee hearings, after which the bills will then be revised, taking into account public comments and recommendations made during committee hearings, before they are introduced formally in Parliament for its consideration.”